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Phase Two - Retrenchment and Redirection - 1959

SCLC, headquartered in Atlanta, is led for the next two years by veteran activist Ella Jo Baker.

Students and faculty from Spelman and Morehouse try to use the Downtown Carnegie Library. They are aided by black leaders and the Atlanta Council on Human Relations.

May: The Carnegie Library desegregates after the threat of a law suit.

The white liberal group Help Our Public Education (HOPE), under the leadership of Frances Pauley, attempts to provide a moderate climate in which to resolve the school desegregation issue in Atlanta.

A court order desegregates Atlanta’s public golf courses, paving the way for the desegregation of municipal golf courses nationally.