Although African Americans
account for 30 percent of the population of Atlanta,
less than five percent are registered to vote.
Voter apathy is caused by the poll tax, "whites only" primaries, and the
fear of racial violence against African Americans.
Benjamin Mays comes to Atlanta
as the new president of Morehouse College
(1940-1967). During his tenure, he
becomes known as the "schoolmaster of the civil rights movement" because he
helps to mold the intellect and character of many of the students destined to
be leaders in the fight for social change, including Martin Luther King, Jr.
and Julian Bond.
A citywide bond is defeated by
African American voters because only $100,000 of the $1.8 million proposed
would go to black schools.